1)17,000 people remain officially missing in Lebanon while their families still await their return. They all disappeared during the 1975-90 Lebanese civil war and the years that followed.
2)Despite the end of the civil war in 1990, Lebanon is still torn by religious strife.
3)Solidere (a healing agency, designed to help central Beirut recover from its afflictions) failed to address the needs of Lebanese people.
4)Twenty-six years after the end of Lebanese Civil war the country is still run by the civil war factions. Lebanon's political elite is a closed circle.
This documentary aims to show those facts above visually.
It features three Lebanese inspirational figures: Mona El Hallak / Architect and Actvist. Sari Hanafi / Chair of Department of Sociology, Anthropology & Media Studies at the American University of Beirut and Nadine Moussa / Presidential Candidate of Lebanon.
This documentary is directed by Baris Fert.
69-year-old David Bowie passed away after a long battle with cancer on Sunday. Throughout his album ‘Blackstar’, he said a genius and creative goodbye to this cruel world. We all know that the place that he went is going to be astonished with his artsy mind.
Several musicians and fans expressed their condolences. However, the most interesting one is came from German foreign ministry. The ministry tweeted to thank Bowie for playing a key role in bringing down the Berlin Wall. The tweet also contains the video of the legendary song “Heroes”, which was performed in 1987 at West Berlin. It is clear that the universal language of music created a special bond between East and West Berlin, which were divided from 1961 to 1989.
While examining the creativity of David Bowie, Berlin has to be considered as a significiant stop for him. Even the song of ‘Heroes’ was inspired by a couple Bowie saw a couple kissing in West Berlin near the wall. The perfect harmony of love and music.
In an interview published by Bill DeMain in his book ‘In Their Own Words, Bowie stated that: “We kind of heard that some East Berliners might actually get the chance to hear the thing, but we didn’t realize in what numbers they would,” Bowie told DeMain. “And there were thousands on the other side that had come close to the wall. And we would hear them cheering and singing along from the other side. God, even now I get choked up.” After he performed ‘Heroes’, East Berliners began shouting “The Wall must go!”.
In 1989, Berlin Wall was demolished.
Boko Haram is an Islamist extremist group based in northeastern Nigeria. Their ideology is Wahhabism, Salafism and Islamic fundamentalism. Alike their ally ISIS, Boko Haram wants to establish its own caliphate in northern Nigeria. Since 2009 more than 15.000 people died because of the conflict between Boko Haram and the Nigerian government. Also, thousands of women forced into slavery.
Shining Path is a Maoist guerilla organization based in Peru. Since it launched the internal conflict in Peru in 1980, several people died because of the conflicts between the government of Peru and Shining Path. It is estimated that almost 70.000 people have died because of this conflict. In the year of 2000, the conflict came to an end. However, violence appeared last year between the Peruvian army and guerilla fighters.
South American countries have been struggling with economical and politicalproblems for a long time. In order to tackle with those obstacles and difficulties, South Americans have decided to show their belief in democracy and as a consequence the leftist governments have started to fall.
According to Marcos Azambuja, a former Brazilian ambassador to Argentina and France, mentioned that leftist ideologies have been losing their validity.
Argentina is experiencing a major shift and after 12 years of presidency by the Kirchners, a central – right, non-Peronist and neoliberal Mauricio Macri was elected as a president whose rival was Daniel Scioli from FPV
It is clear that Macri has to deal with the problems such as stagnation, high infliation around %30 percent, black markets where the dollar is worth nearly 50 percent more than the official rate. Also, any non-Peronist governments (Raul Alfonsin and Fernando de la Rua) have always tackled with several problems. Macri promised to get rid of the restrictions on foreign trade and currency controls. We should express that he has already shown a great capacity to structure an environment which is going to alter Argentina into a globalized country.
All in all, farewell Cristina.
Source: Buenos Aires Herald
The African Renewable Energy Initiative (Arei) plans to produce solar, hydro, wind and geothermal energy. Thus, the energy produced by coal is going to be reduced sharply.
By the year of 2020, Arei aims to produce at least 10 GW of new renewable energy. Solar, hydro, wind and geothermal energy production is going to make Africa as the cleanest continent. Moreover, switching energy sources such as diesel, kerosene and wood to renewable energy sources will help 600 million people. At COP 21 in Paris, the president of African Development Bank, Akinwumi Adesina expressed that the continent loses 4% of its GDP due to the lack of clean energy.
It is clear that solar is going to play a very critical role on this project. Also, this project will be followed by planting millions of trees and bushes in Tigray, Ethiopia and elsewhere in where overgrazing and deforestation damaged the landscapes.
Misty streets, the smell of blood and resistance, banners dedicated to ‘freedom’ fighters, a hopeless flashback to 90’s, discussions, forums, police brutality, a life under the shadow of police vehicles, the rerror of automatic rifles, cemetery and the recognizable voice of Ahmet Kaya…
Gazi Quarter is a working class neighbourhood located in Sultangazi, a district of Istanbul. The neighbourhood was built at 70’s under the massive influence of Socialism, where mostly Alevis live.
Gazi Quarter (Turkish: Gazi Mahallesi) is mostly known for The 1995 Gazi Quarter Riots. On March 12, 1995 unidentified individuals opened a fire with automatic rifles at three cafes and a cake shop. As a result of this attack an Alevi religious leader was killed and several people were injured. Of course, attacks constituted an environment for many events and protests. Right after the shooting, a huge number of Alevi residents of the Gazi Quarter started to march to the police station after meeting at ‘Cemevi’. The police opened a fire and many people were killed. According to autopsy reports 17 people were killed by bullets fired by police.
The neighbourhood hosts several leftist / Marxist organizations including DHKP-C (Revolutionary People’s Liberation Party - Front, Halk Cephesi (People’s front) among many others.
The photos below were taken by Serious Manoeuvres in order to demonstrate how the people of Gazi Quarter express themselves through walls.
Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu regarded the migrant deal as a ‘new beginning’ and he considers the Turkey-EU summit a historic one. The EU calls the migrant deal a success.
Turkey is going to stop the flow of migrants to Europe in return for 3 billion euros aid. Also, the deal is going to revive the Turkey-EU relations – an old love story since 1963. Besides the new chapter for negotiations Turkish citizens will be granted visa free access to European countries until the end of 2016.
Everything seems like a candy floss. Isn’t it? Unfortunately NOT!
Currently, 2.5 million refugees are living in Turkey. However, only %14 percent of them live in camps and the rest of them are scattered around all over the country and the integration of them seems distant. It is obvious that after the agreement Turkey has to deal with them in a systematic way and we can regard this situation as a positive impact of the deal.
Since the migration Turkey has spent almost 8 billion dollars in order to maintain the needs of the migrants. It is clear that the aid of 3 billion euros won’t fit the requirements.
Migrants are very far from being integrated into the society and there hasn’t been any clear movements yet in order to integrate them.
There have been 66 thousand Syrian babies were born in Turkey and it is going to be more difficult to provide shelters.
Anyone who reads something on the negotiations between Turkey and EU related to Turkey’s candidate status for the EU, that person knows that EU’s intention has never been serious. And there is no guarantee that Turkey will be accepted as a member even if it becomes successful on these chapters.
Thus, this historic summit should not be regared more than an illusion. Of course, European dream always sells inside.
Israel and the Palestinian authorities signed an agreement which lets 3G mobile access in the occupied territories of Palestine, except Gaza strip.
3G access was banned by Israel and the lack of access to 3G technology structured several economical and technological obstacles for Palestinians. If it is expressed with numericals, a recent report on information and communication technology by Al-Shabaka demonstrated that Palestine lose almost 100 million dollars annually as a consequence of 3G ban.
Several reactions has appeared because of the agreement. Mamoun Mattar, a Palestinian IT and broadcasting expert spoke Al Jazeera and questioned the benefits and drawbacks of 3G technology. “I am not sure if it is that advantageous now to invest in 3G while all the countries are using 4G and are preparing for 5G”.
It is clear that 3G access is going to have a massive positive impact on Palestinian economy. However people from the both sides have been expecting to solve the conflicts instead of managing and take several advantages from it.