Topographie des Terrors is an outdoor and indoor history museum in Berlin, Germany. It is located on Niederkirchnerstrasse, formerly Prinz-Albrecht-Strasse, on the site of buildings, which during the Nazi regime from 1933 to 1945 were the headquarters of the Gestapo and the SS, the principal instruments of repression during the Nazi era.
We offer several exhibitions, a site tour, various workshops and several publications. Our library currently holds ca. 29,000 volumes, ca. 120 current periodicals and 100 completed periodicals. The collection focuses on subjects generally related to the SS, Gestapo and police during National Socialism. Additional subject areas include the state and society under National Socialism, the persecution and murder of the European Jews and other victim groups, the Second World War, judicial prosecution of Nazi crimes, commemoration and memorialization.
Of course. The few remaining traces of the varying uses of the site in the 20th century represent the points of departure for 15 stations of the site tour. The stations along the sidewalk of what was once Prinz-Albrecht-Straße (now Niederkirchnerstraße) and the former addresses on Wilhelmstraße provide basic information on the headquarters of Nazi terror and the utilization of the buildings as well as insights into the later history of building on the site. Using further material traces, the tour also addresses the treatment of the terrain in the postwar era – up to the establishment of the “Topography of Terror” as a site of memory.
The jury found that the design qualified as a “very interesting and appropriate proposal for the solution of a difficult problem,” and noted: “The documentation center stands as a clear cube in close proximity to the Martin-Gropius-Bau”. It makes reference to the latter´s ground plan, but is far more reticent in height and external appearance. Nevertheless, it has a certain autonomy and expansiveness. The circumstance that the detachment of the building from the ground produces an impression of lightness and that the design intervenes little in the surrounding landscape is fundamentally positive.”
The Nazi system did everything to bring arts “in line”. The synchronisation of culture suppressed other forms of artistic production. In September 1933 they established a Reich Culture Chamber (including the Reich Film Chamber, Reich Theater Chamber, Reich Press Chamber, Reich Music Chamber, Reich Writing chamber, Reich Radio Chamber and the Chamber for Fine Arts) with the aim to regulate all facets of German culture.
Not at the moment. But people can have a look to the permanent street exhibition “Historic Wilhelmstraße”. The outdoor exhibition “Historic Wilhelmstraße” uses photos and texts at 30 stations along Wilhelmstraße to present the history of the buildings in the historic government district. In the early 19th century, Wilhelmstraße was established as the seat of the most important ministries of Prussia, of the German Reich by 1871 and later of the Nazi state. Most of the buildings no longer exist today, including the Palace of the Reich President, the Prussian State Ministry and the Reich Chancellery. The buildings that did survive were later used by the government of East Germany (GDR) and as of 1991, by the Federal Republic of Germany.
In working groups participants are invited to analyse more deeply the structures of the perpetrators and their crimes. By focusing on these questions the workshop will examine the goals and methods of the Nazi terror system from the perspective of "perpetrator research" and the role of policemen in the apparatus. Through analysing historical sources, the seminar will examine personal biographies of policemen and will focus on their personal responsibility in the process of becoming mass-murderers. The seminar offers an opportunity to deepen and widen the analysis and research of perpetrators and is intended for all Hebrew speaking groups (especially pupils and students) who are interested in expending their knowledge on the subject.
Today Berlin is one of the most innovative places. There are more than 400 galleries, more than 2000 exhibitions, more than 175 museums, about 300 cinemas, many theatres etc. Berlin is a good place for arts and culture.